Übung 7-5a Mixed Conjunctions - Review Combine sentences with the logical conjunction:
weil, wenn, dass, ob. Sometimes either weil or wenn are both a logical conjunction.
Because logic is so important, translate the compound sentences into English.
Write exercise on a separate sheet of lined paper.
Descriptive AdjectivesSo far we have used adverbs to describe actions. For example: Maika hat sehr gut Klavier gespielt. (Maika played piano very well.)
We have also used predicate adjectives: Meine Freundin ist sympatisch. (My girlfriend is likeable.) Das Wetter ist schön gewesen. (The weather was nice.)
A predicate adjective is usually an adjective used with the verb sein (to be). It is called predicate, because the adjective comes after the verb, which is the predicate position.
A descriptive adjective directly modifies a noun. For example, instead of stating that Das Konzert ist wunderbar gewesen. (The concert was wonderful.), one would state Es ist ein wunderbares Konzert gewesen. (It was a wonderful concert.)
Descriptive adjectives in German must have an adjective ending. Two factors determine the endings on adjectives:
There are two categories of adjective endings: weak and strong.
While this appears at first dauntingly complex, in practice it is not so difficult.
Back in the 1700s, Germany as we know it today was a series of independent kingdoms. The largest German-speaking swath of land was the Hapsburg Empire, a territory that comprised much of Central and Eastern Europe, including present-day Austria. Many languages were spoken within this region, but when the German-speaking Hapsburg rulers introduced compulsory schooling in the late 18th century, they used their own language as the standard. And thus Austrian German was born.
It's officially recognized by the European Union, unlike the various dialects in Germany. Austrian German is the only pluricentric language officially recognized by the EU. A pluricentric language is one with several standard, official variations, such as English (British, Australian, US, etc.). Austrian German was protected by the EU when Austria joined back in 1995.
The exercise below highlights different words between High German and Austrian German.
Übung 7-5c Food in Austria. Match images to the Austrian word, to the German word, and to the English translation. In BOLT.
Übung 7-5c, part 2 Other Variations in Austrian Match the Austrian with the High German words and with the English.