Seite 3

Die Schweiz

Switzerland is a landlocked mountainous country in South Central Europe, bordered by Austria, France, Germany, Italy, and Liechtenstein.

With an area of 41,285 km2, the country is only slightly smaller than the Netherlands or slightly less than twice the size of the US state of New Jersey.

Switzerland has a population of 8.3 million people (in 2015), capital city is Bern, largest city is Zürich. Spoken languages are German, French, Italian and Rumantsch, traditionally spoken in the different regions (cantons) of the country. According to the World Happiness Report 2015, the Swiss Confederation is officially the happiest nation on Earth.

Geographically the country is divided between the Alpine region of the Swiss Alps in south, the Swiss Plateau with its rolling hills, plains, and large lakes, and the mountainous Jura in northwest.

The country is a famous tourist destination for its ski resorts and hiking trails. Banking and finance are key industries, and Swiss watches and chocolate are world renowned.

In the 13th century, the Gotthard Pass region in the heart of the Alps became negotiable and rapidly developed into an economically important north-south crossing point. As a result, the valleys of Uri, Schwyz, and Unterwalden at the north foot of the Gotthard massif suddenly became a focal point of European power politics, and this led their inhabitants to found the core of what was to become Switzerland with a pact of mutual assistance.

Today Switzerland is a federal state in Central Europe. It is bordered by Germany, to the north, Austria and the Principality of Liechtenstein, to the east, Italy, to the south and France, to the west. Switzerland's independence and neutrality have long been honored by the major European powers and Switzerland was not involved in either of the two World Wars. The political and economic integration of Europe over the past half century, as well as Switzerland's role in many UN and international organizations, may be rendering obsolete the country's concern for neutrality.

Source: One World Nations Online


Übung 7-3a Fakten über Die Schweiz Im BOLT.

  1. Was ist die Hauptstadt von der Schweiz?
    Zürich      Genf      Bern      Basel
  2. Dieses (This) Nachbarland liegt südlich von der Schweiz.
    Italien      Frankreich      Österreich      Liechtenstein
  3. Wo liegt der Kanton St. Gallen in der Schweiz?
    im Nordwesten      im Norden      im Südosten      im Nordosten
  4. Was für Sport treiben viele Touristen in der Schweiz?
    Radfahren      Schifahren      Reiten      Rennfahren
  5. Welche (Which) Industrie ist wichtig in der Schweiz?
    Pharma      Automobil      Energie      Finanz
  6. Warum war die Schweiz geographisch und politisch wichtig?
    Die Schweiz liegt im Zentrum Europas.      Die Schweiz ist eine Demokratie.      Das Klima ist sehr schön.      Das Land ist sehr reich.
  7. Im Zweiten Weltkrieg war die Schweiz...
    mit Deutschland alliiert.      gegen Deutschland.      nicht im Krieg.      mit den USA und mit England alliiert.


Pronouns for People

(See Kapitel 5, Seite 11)

As we have seen, one applies the interrogative pronoun wen, and wem when asking about people: Auf wen warten Sie? (For whom are you waiting?); Wem gibst du Geschenke zu Weihnachten? (To whom are you giving gifts for Christmas?)

In previous chapters, we have used pronouns to answer questions about people: Ich warte auf ihn. (I am waiting for him.) Ich gebe ihr einen Hut zu Weihnachten. (I am giving her a hat for Christmas.)

Übung 7-3b: Answer the German questions using the correct pronouns, as indicated in the English answers in the third column below. The first one is done for you.

denken an (+acc)

Denkst du oft an deine Familie? (Do you often think about your family?)(Yes, I often think about them.)
fragen nach (+dat)

Hast du nach Harald gefragt? (Did you ask about Harald?(Yes, I asked about him.)
lachen über (+acc)

Lacht ihr über eure Nachbarin? (Are you laughing about your neighbor?)(Yes, we are laughing about her.)
sprechen über (+acc)

Hast du über die Kinder gesprochen? (Did you speak about the children?)(Yes, I spoke about them.)
erzählen von (+dat)

Erzählt seine Freundin oft von ihrer Schwester? (Does his friend often talk about her sister?)(Yes, she talks about her often.)
Angst haben vor (+dat)

Haben Sie Angst vor dem Arzt? (Are you afraid of the doctor?)(Yes, I am afraid of him.)
warnen vor (+dat)

Hat der Polizist vor dem Einbrecher gewarnt? (Did the policeman warn about the burglar?)(Yes, he warned us about him.)

  1. Ja, ich denke oft an sie.

  2. _________________________________________________________________________________________

  3. _________________________________________________________________________________________

  4. _________________________________________________________________________________________

  5. _________________________________________________________________________________________

  6. _________________________________________________________________________________________

  7. _________________________________________________________________________________________


Da-Compounds

  • Da-compounds are related to wo-compounds.
  • The da acts as a pronoun, but refers to things only.
  • Da-compounds also involve verbal collocations with specific prepositions.
  • Like the wo-compounds, da-compounds combine a preposition with the particle word "da".
  • This combination also requires the "r" for prepositions beginning with a vowel: daran, darüber, etc.
  • Whereas the wo in wo-compounds means "what?" (for what? with what? about what?), the da in da-compounds means "that" or "it" or "them": daran = "on that"; darüber = "about it".

    Übung 7-3c: Answer the German questions using the correct pronouns, as indicated in the English answers in the third column below. The first one is done for you.

    denken an (+acc)

    Denkst du oft an alte Zeiten? (Do you often think about old times?)(Yes, I often think about them.)
    fragen nach (+dat)

    Hast du nach dem Fahrplan gefragt? (Did you ask about the schedule?(Yes, I asked about it.)
    lachen über (+acc)

    Lacht ihr über den Witz? (Are you laughing about the joke?)(Yes, we are laughing about it.)
    sprechen über (+acc)

    Hast du über die Reise gesprochen? (Did you speak about the trip?)(Yes, I spoke about that.)
    erzählen von (+dat)

    Erzählt seine Freundin oft von ihrer Arbeit? (Does his friend often talk about her work?)(Yes, she talks about it often.)
    Angst haben vor (+dat)

    Haben Sie Angst vor dem Fliegen? (Are you afraid of flying?)(Yes, I am afraid of that.)
    warnen vor (+dat)

    Hat der Polizist vor der Unruhe in der Stadt gewarnt? (Did the policeman warn about the disturbance in the city?)(Yes, he warned us about that.)

    1. Ja, ich denke oft daran.

    2. _________________________________________________________________________________________

    3. _________________________________________________________________________________________

    4. _________________________________________________________________________________________

    5. _________________________________________________________________________________________

    6. _________________________________________________________________________________________

    7. _________________________________________________________________________________________


    Übung 7-3d: Translate the English sentences into German based on the list of verb-preposition collocations. You must also know what the German sentences mean, because they are the questions for which the English sentences are answers. Example: (warten auf [+ acc] Ist der Bus schon gekommen? (Did the bus come already? No, we are still waiting for it.) Nein, wir warten noch darauf.
    • arbeiten an (+ dat.): to work on
    • glauben an (+ acc.): to believe (in)
    • zweifeln an (+dat.): to doubt (a person or thing)
    • achten auf (+acc.): to pay attention to
    • Angst haben vor (+dat): to be afraid of
    • danken für (+acc.): to thank for
    • schmecken nach (+dat.): to taste like
    • lachen über (+acc.): to laugh about
    • sprechen über (+acc.): to talk about
    • warnen vor (+dat.): to warn about, of, against

    1. Habt ihr eure Referate (presentations) geschrieben? (We are working on it.)

      ___________________________________________________________________________________

    2. Man sagt, wir werden morgen Schnee haben. (Karl does not believe that, but Doris does not doubt it.)

      ___________________________________________________________________________________

    3. Die Schule hat viele Regeln (rules). (The children are paying attention to them.)

      ___________________________________________________________________________________

    4. Man sagt, es gibt morgen Gewitter. (I am afraid of that.)

      ___________________________________________________________________________________

    5. Du hast die Küche sauber gemacht. (I thank you [dative] for that.)

      ___________________________________________________________________________________

    6. Unser Professor hat ein Buch geschrieben. (He worked on it a long time. [a long time = "lange"])

      ___________________________________________________________________________________

    7. Das ist kein Hähnchen (chicken). (It tastes certainly [bestimmt] like it.)

      ___________________________________________________________________________________

    8. Die Katze spielt mit dem Hund. (We all [alle] laughed about it.)

      ___________________________________________________________________________________

    9. Die Debatte war im Fernsehen. (The people talked about it.)

      ___________________________________________________________________________________

    10. Ich muss für das Examen arbeiten. (My friends warned me about that.)

      ___________________________________________________________________________________


  1. Kapitel 7, Seite 1
  2. Kapitel 7, Seite 2
  3. Kapitel 7, Seite 3
  4. Kapitel 7, Seite 4
  5. Kapitel 7, Seite 5
  6. Kapitel 7, Seite 6
  7. Kapitel 7, Seite 7
  8. Kapitel 7, Seite 8
  9. Kapitel 7, Seite 9
  10. Kapitel 7, Seite 10
  11. Kapitel 7, Seite 11