Video Lectures

Citing Sources

External Links

Andruss Library

Bloomsburg University Today


Department of History

Citing Sources & Bibliography

Historians must cite their sources to earn the credibility of professional historians and the general public. Usually, they use a foot- or end-note system defined by the Chicago Manual of Style or Kate Turabian, et al. A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations. Some publishers will require that historians eliminate or keep footnotes down to a minimum. Remember that by citing sources, the author welcomes readers to check his/her sources, that is fact check. In addition, historians are expected to list all primary and secondary sources in the form of a bibliography that they studied.

Curious readers will review notes and bibliography to identify additional interesting titles to read!