Week Five Study Questions for web-linked readings.
In chronological order, the first of these documents was Jefferson's "Declaration of Independence," written (as I hope you all know!) in 1776. You should find a copy yourself.
The second document chronologically was Emmanuel Seiyes What is the Third Estate? (1789). There is an excerpt at http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/sieyes.html.
The 1789 French "Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen" at http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/rightsof.htm.
The National Assembly drafted the "Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen" in August 1789, against the background of the first months of the French Revolution.
How does this document address the following issues:
Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France, excerpts at http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1791burke.html.
Edmund Burke drafted his Reflections in 1791--which stands as one of the classic statements of modern conservativism--in response to what he considered the tragic excesses of the French Revolution and to those in England who sympathized with the French and with republicanism.
Thomas Paine, The Rights of Man (a selection from text in response to Burke) at http://www.ushistory.org/paine/rights/c1-010.htm.
Tom Paine, who you probably know best from his activities in the American Revolution (e.g., his Common Sense) wrote The Rights of Man in 1792, largely in response to Burke's Reflections.
Wollstonecraft, "Dedication" and "Advertisement" to The Vindication of the Rights of Women at http://www.bartleby.com/144/
Mary Wollstonecraft (the mother of Mary Shelly!) wrote her Vindication in 1792, in part in response to Paine's Rights of Man. Based upon this brief selection from the book (and please feel free to read more!), what was Wollstonecraft's argument regarding
Joseph de Maistre, selection from Essay on the Generative Principle at http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1810demaistre.html.
de Maistre's 1810 essay provides us with the voice of a more "reactionary" conservativism than that of Burke, but nevertheless a stream of political thought that we will encounter again many times in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
von Metternich, selection from Political Confession of Faith at http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1820metternich.html.
Metternich, the architect of Austria's conservative policies after the French Revolution and the leading intellectual force behind the Holly Alliance (Austria, Prussia, Russia) that sought to prevent liberal revolution after the Napoleonic wars, drafted this statement as an entry in his 1820 memoirs.
OK--now, I want you to consider two "big" questions:
1) What connections do you see between the ideas of these (specific) liberal and conservative thinkers and the legacies of the Enlightenment?
2) What connections do you see between the ideas of these (specific) liberal and conservative thinkers and the ideals of Romanticism?