Argumentation
 James Tomlinson

"A man never tells you anything until you contradict him."
-George Bernard Shaw

Lincoln/Douglas Debate Format (Team format lower on page)

1AC (first Affirmative Constructive) – 7 minutes
A good introduction that attracts the audiences attention and interest in the topic
Clearly state the resolution
Clearly state each of your contentions
    Support with reason and evidence
Conclude effectively

Cross Ex of the Aff by the Neg – 3 minutes
You ask questions – have a strategy or at the very least a direction to your questioning
Be courteous
Face the audience

1NC (first Negative Constructive) – 8 minutes
A good introduction that attracts the audiences attention and interest in the topic
Clearly state the Negative’s position on the topic
Clearly state the Negative’s Observations
    Support with reason and evidence
Attack and question the Affirmative’s Contentions/evidence
Conclude effectively

Cross Ex of the Neg by the Aff – 3 minutes  
You ask questions – have a strategy or at the very least a direction to your questioning
Be courteous
Face the audience

 

Rebuttal Speeches – No new arguments are allowed – new evidence, analysis is ok

 1AR (first Affirmative Rebuttal) - 4 minutes
Respond to the Neg Observations – show how they are not as strong/relevant as the Aff Contentions
Rebuild the Aff case

 NR (Negative Rebuttal) – 7 minutes
Respond to latest Affirmative arguments
Make your final case to the audience that the Neg position is superior to the Aff
Try and convince the audience the Aff has failed to carry the burden of proof
Summarize the debate and conclude effectively and ask for the audience to agree with the Neg position

 2AR (second Affirmative Rebuttal) – 4 minutes
Respond to final Negative arguments
Summarize the debate and show the audience how the Aff position is superior – and the Aff has
    carried the burden of proof
Conclude effectively.

horizontal rule

Team Debate Format

1AC (first Affirmative Constructive) – 6 minutes
A good introduction that attracts the audiences attention and interest in the topic
Clearly state the resolution
Clearly state each of your contentions
    support with reason and evidence
Conclude effectively

 Cross Ex of the Aff by one of  the Neg – 3 minutes
You ask questions – have a strategy or at the very least a direction to your questioning
Be courteous - Face the audience

 1NC (first Negative Constructive) – 6 minutes
A good introduction that attracts the audience’s attention and interest in the topic
Clearly state the Negative’s position on the topic
Clearly state the Negative’s ObservationS
   
Support with reason and evidence
Attack and question the Affirmative’s Contentions/evidence
Conclude effectively

 Cross Ex of the Neg by one of  the Aff – 3 minutes  
You ask questions – have a strategy or at the very least a direction to your questioning
Be courteous - Face the audience

 2AC (second Affirmative Constructive) – 6 minutes
A good introduction that attracts the audience’s attention and interest in the topic
Clearly state each of your contentions – (the 2AC may issue additional contentions )
    support with reason and evidence
Respond to Negative arguments/attacks
Conclude effectively

 Cross Ex of the Aff by the other  Neg – 3 minutes
You ask questions – have a strategy or at the very least a direction to your questioning
Be courteous - Face the audience

 2NC (second Negative Constructive) – 6 minutes
A good introduction that attracts the audiences attention and interest in the topic
Clearly state the Negative’s Observations – the second Neg can introduce additional Observations
    Support with reason and evidence
Attack and question the Affirmative’s Contentions/evidence
Conclude effectively

 Cross Ex of the Neg by the other  Aff – 3 minutes  
You ask questions – have a strategy or at the very least a direction to your questioning
Be courteous - Face the audience

 Rebuttal Speeches – no new arguments – new evidence and analysis are ok

 1NR (first Negative Rebuttal ) – 4 minutes
Rebuild the Neg case
Summarize how the Neg position is superior and the Aff has not carried the burden-of-proof
Conclude effectively

 1AR (first Affirmative Rebuttal) - 4 minutes
Respond to the Neg arguments, rebuild the Aff case and contentions – extend arguments
    and give additional support for them
Conclude effectively

1NR (Negative Rebuttal) –  4 minutes
Respond to latest Affirmative arguments
Make your final case to the audience that the Neg position is superior to the Aff
Try and convince the audience the Aff has failed to carry the burden of proof
Summarize the debate and conclude effectively and ask for the audience to agree with the Neg position

 2AR (second Affirmative Rebuttal) – 4 minutes
Respond to final Negative arguments
Summarize the debate and show the audience how the Aff position is superior –
    and the Aff has carried the burden of proof
Conclude effectively.

 

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