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Western Civilization to 1650 (42.125)
Fall 2003, Section 01
Hickey Old Science Hall Office 130
Navigation links for this syllabus
Brief Description Mid-Term Exam Term Paper Final Exam Required Texts
On Plagiarism vs Quoting On Disruptive Behavior On Endnote Form
Weekly Schedule MIDTERM EXAM QUESTIONS FINAL EXAM QUESTION
Link to Hickey's European and Jewish History Resources Page
Brief Description: This course is a survey of "Western Civilization" to the mid-1600s. We will begin with societies in the ancient Near East, then focus on societies that arose around the Mediterranean, and finally focus almost exclusively on regions of Europe. In addition to the specifics of particular societies at particular times, we also will examine "themes" that cut across the chronology of events.
Here is a short list of some of the themes we will follow:
Most of our class sessions will be in lecture format, but I will be asking you a lot of questions during the lectures (about the readings, about your interpretation of ideas and events, etc.), and I hope that your answers will lead us into class discussions.
The Final Grade in this course is based upon: a Mid-Term Exam (35 percent); a Term Paper (20 percent); and a Final Exam (40 Percent), and attendance (5 percent). Your attendance grade will fall in direct ratio to unexcused absences. In grading all of your written work, my primary concern will be your accuracy, clarity, and logic (although I also will take into consideration "technical" matters, such as grammar and proper citation form).
Regarding Cheating and Plagiarism: I will enforce university policy on cheating and plagiarism. Please read the linked statement regarding plagiarism
Regarding Disruptive Behavior in the classroom: I will enforce university policy regarding disruptive behavior. Please read the linked statement regarding disruptive behavior in the classroom.
Absence Policy: I will consider as "excused" absences only those medical, family, or activity related events (etc.) that the student has discussed with me in advance and/or that are documented by the university administration. I will give no "make up" assignments unless the student has an excused absence.
Required Texts: All books are required.
Coffin, et al., Western Civilizations: Their History and Their Culture, Vol. 1, 14th Edition (New York: Norton, 2002).
Wessley, Study Guide for Coffin (et al), Western Civilizations Volume 1 14th Edition (New York: Norton, 2002).
Brophy, et al., Perspectives from the Past, Vol. 1 (New York: Norton, 2002)
Machiavelli, The Prince (New York: Bantam, 1984)
ON-LINE TUTOR WEBSITE: Norton, the publisher of the Coffin textbook, provides an "on-line tutor" program for the course text. It is called the "Western Civilizations Online Tutor," by Steven Kreis of Wake Technical College. The website for the on-line tutor is www.wwnorton.com/wciv . To use this website, your computer must have a "flash player" version 5 and use Explorer version 5 (or higher) or Netscape version 4.7 (or higher). The publisher's website provides free downloads of upgrades for these programs. I encourage you to use this on-line tutor program, but it is not required for the course.
Mid-Term Exam: (35 percent of final grade.) You will have a take-home mid-term exam that will be in an essay format. The exam will be due in the 8th week of class, and the questions will require that you weave together information from the assigned readings (in Coffin, Wessley, and Brophy) and in the lectures from the previous seven weeks. I will not accept late exams.
The question will be posted as a link to this on-line syllabus. You must cite the source of all quotations and well as all specific paraphrased or summarized information from the readings using endnotes (please read the directions at the linked page on quoting and on source citations). In grading the exam my primary concern will be your accuracy, clarity, and logic (although I will also take into consideration "technical" matters such as grammar.
Term Paper: (20 percent of final grade.) You will write a short paper (4-5 pages typed, double-spaced, 12 point font, with 1-inch margins) using as your main source Machiavelli's The Prince..
In The Prince, Niccolo Machiavelli offered "humble advice" to Lorenzo (Giuliano) de Medici, the ruler of Florence. According to Machiavelli, a successful Prince must rule as an autocrat and sometimes must behave ruthlessly for the best interests of the State, but he must never act as a tyrant. To defend his arguments, Machiavelli made many references to the history of the ancient world as well to recent events of the late 1400s and early 1500s. As you know from your readings, Machiavelli was writing at a time of foreign (French and Spanish) dominance over the Italian city-states. He himself had been as supporter of a republican form of government (and not of the rule of a prince), and he had served as a government official in the Florentine Republic. He wrote The Prince after the Medici family had overthrown the Florentine Republic and restored themselves to princely power.
Your paper must be based upon detailed analysis of the evidence in The Prince. That means that you must refer to specific evidence in The Prince that supports your answer. You must cite the source of all quotations and well as all specific paraphrased or summarized information from the readings using endnotes (please read the directions at the linked page on quoting and on source citations).
To write a good paper, you must consider how evidence in The Prince is related to information in Coffin, the lectures, and any related documents from the Brophy reader. But you do not have to read any additional essays or books; if you do read any additional sources, you must list these in a bibliography at the end of the paper (this includes any internet sites).
I will grade your paper on the basis of its accuracy, clarity, and logic (although I will also take into consideration "technical" matters such as grammar).
The term paper is due by Tuesday of Week 15.
Pick one of these questions:
1. Much of the advice Machiavelli gives in The Prince regards the difference between successful and unsuccessful means of ruling over "conquered" peoples.
2. The Prince was a product of the Renaissance, a period in which European thinkers "rediscovered" the history of the ancient world; how does Machiavelli's interpretation of ancient history (written in 1514) compare to what we have read in the Coffin textbook (circa 2000)?
3. Although when it was first published The Prince did not get a great deal of attention, critics soon denounced the book; Catholic critics saw the book as an attack on the Catholic Church, Protestant critics saw the book as justifying Catholic rule, and both groups condemned Machiavelli's arguments as "immoral."
Be sure that you paper has an introductory paragraph that lets the reader know what your main question is and what your main point is. (Your main point is also called your thesis.) The main point should be a logical statement that answers the question. The reader should know what your thesis is by the end of your introductory paragraph.
To explain and prove your main points, break it down into several "sub- ideas" and provide evidence to prove these ideas. That is the function of the body paragraphs in your paper. Be sure that each paragraph in the body of your paper is devoted to explaining a single main idea (one main idea per paragraph). That main idea should help us understand your thesis. Each paragraph needs to include evidence about that main idea (to illustrate or prove your point), and you must explain what the evidence means (don't assume that it is obvious).
Be sure that you end your paper with a concluding paragraph that sums up you main ideas and makes clear how all of these ideas add up to your main point (thesis), and how your main point answers the main question of your paper.
Final Exam: (40 percent of final grade.) You will take an in-class Final Exam, which will be essay format. The exam will be on 11 Dec. The final exam will cover all of the reading and lecture material since the Mid-Term Exam. I will not schedule "make-up" exams unless I receive notification from the University administration that your absence is excused for the day of the exam. In grading your essays my primary concern will be your accuracy, clarity, and logic (although I will also take into consideration "technical" matters such as grammar).
Coffin refers to Western Civilizations. For each week, I indicate the reading assignments that should be finished by Tuesday (the exception, of course, is our first class session). Be sure to read the chapter introductions and the "document boxes" as well as the chapter text. At the end of each chapter, you should be able to answer that chapter's study questions
Wessley refers to Study Guide for Coffin (et al). For most students, the best way to check to see if you have understood the textbook is to answer the questions in this study guide. Also, each chapter in Wessley includes a few documents, some of which I might expect you to use in writing your exams.
Brophy refers to Perspectives from the Past. It is best to do the readings in Coffin each week before you do the readings in Brophy. When you read Brophy each week, be sure to begin with the chapter introductions. Before you read each assigned document, be sure that you read that document's introduction. When you finish reading each assigned document, be sure that you can answer the review questions. Although all of the documents in each chapter are important, I indicate the documents that I particularly want you to read consider each week as "key" documents.
This is a provisional schedule--I may find it necessary to change the dates of some assignments during the semester, and I may at times run a bit ahead or behind the syllabus.
Week I : Near Eastern Origins of "Western" Civilization
Coffin, chapter 1; Wessley, chapter 1
Brophy, chapter 1: Key documents
The Epic of Gilgamesh
Songs of the Birdcatcher's Daughter
Week II: Near Eastern Empires in the Second Millennium BCE
Coffin, chapter 2; Wessley, chapter 2
Brophy, chapter 1: Key documents
Laws of Ancient Mesopotamia
The Letters of Deir el-Medina
Week III: The Hebrews, The Assyrians, and the Persians
Coffin, chapter 3; Wessley, chapter 3
Brophy, chapter 3: Key documents
The Book of Ezekiel
The Book of I Kings
Herodotus, The Histories: Customs of the Persians
The Torah: Laws
Week IV: Greece to the Peloponnesian War
Coffin, chapter 4; Wessley, chapter 4
Brophy, chapter 4: Key documents
Hesiod, Works and Days
Spartan Society and Values
Herodotus, The Histories: The Second Persian Invasion of Greece
Thucydides, The Peloponnesian Wars
Week V: Hellenistic Culture and Society
Coffin, chapter 5; Wessley, chapter 5
Brophy, Chapter 5: Key documents
Plato, The Republic
Epictetus, The Manual: Stoicism
Hellenistic Authors, Short Poems
Week VI: When All Roads Led to Rome
Coffin, chapter 6; Wessley, chapter 6
Brophy, Chapter 6: Key documents
The Twelve Tables
Cicero, On the Laws
Columella, Management of a Large Estate
From Brophy, ch. 6, for next week:
The Gospel of Matthew
Week VII: The Roman Empire and Christianity
Coffin, chapter 7; Wessley, chapter 7
Brophy, chapter 7: Key documents
The Theodosian Code: Roman Law
Igantius of Antioch, Letter to the Romans
Gregory of Tours, History of the Franks
St. Augustine, City of God
Week VIII: In the Wake of Rome: Byzantium, Islam, and the Carolingians
Coffin, chapter 8; Wessley, chapter 8
Brophy, chapter 8: Key documents
Muhammed, The Quran
Monastic Clamors, Curses, and Excommunications
MID-TERM EXAM DUE THURSDAY 16 OCTOBER
Week IX: State and Society in the High Middle Ages
Coffin, chapter 9; Wessley, chapter 9
Brophy, chapter 9: Key documents
The Statutes of Lorris
The Charter of Liberties for St. Omer
The Magna Carta
Las Siete Partidas: Castialian Law Code
Week X: Religious and Intellectual Life in the High Middle Ages
Coffin, chapter 10; Wessley, chapter 10
Brophy, chapter 10: Key documents
Pope Boniface VIII, Papal Bull Unam Sanctam
Otto of Freising, The Deeds of Fredrick Barbarossa
St. Francis, The Rule of 1223 and The Testament
St. Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologica
Week XI: The Waning of the Middle Ages
Coffin, chapter 11; Wessley, chapter 11
Brophy, chapter 11: Key documents
Boccaccio, The Decameron
Hus, The Church
The Trial of Jeanne d'Arc
The Distribution of Wealth in Tuscany in 1427
Week XII: Europe Confronts the World [There are no lecture notes on this topic--please remember to read Coffin chapter 12 and the documents!]
Coffin, chapter 12; Wessley, chapter 12
Brophy, chapter 12: Key documents
William of Rubruck, On the Mongols
Doukas, Decline and Fall of Byzantium to the Ottoman Turks
Columbus, Letter on His First Voyage
Manuel I, "The Letter Which the King...."
Week XIII: The Renaissance
Coffin, chapter 13; Wessley, chapter 13
Brophy, chapter 13: Key documents
Benvenuto Cellini, The Autobiography
Vassari, The Lives of the Artists
Leonardo Da Vinci, The Notebooks
Castiglione, The Book of the Courtier
Be sure that you have started reading Machiavelli, The Prince!
Week XIV: The Reformation
Coffin, chapter 14; Wessley, chapter 14
Brophy, chapter 14: Key documents
Calvin, Draft Ecclesiastical Ordinances
Luther, Appeal to the Christian Nobility
Statement of Grievances, the Diet of Worms, 1521
Oath of Allegiance (Henry VIII)
Week XV: For God and King: The Wars of Religion and State Building
Coffin, chapter 15; Wessley, chapter 15
Brophy, Chapter 15: Key documents
Bodin, On Sovereignty
TERM PAPER DUE BY TUESDAY
Weel XVI: Final Exam on 11 December 3:30 PM
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